理科

科学は幸せでなければならないという圧迫感が、実際には人々の気分をより悪くすると言います。

良いニュースと悪いニュースがあります。 ところで、より良いニュースがあります。

それは幸福の科学的研究に関するものです。 そして、実際には、人々が真実であり、全体的な幸福と幸福を達成することをより困難にするように見える驚くべき事実についてです。

それは、社会的圧力が実際に個々の人々をあまり幸せにする逆効果をもたらすことができるかどうかを決定するために40カ国の7,443人を研究した世界中の巨大な研究者チームから出てきました。

例えば、地球上で一番幸せな国の一つとして絶えず挙げられるデンマークを考えてみましょう。 これらの区別は、数年前に他の国の人々がデンマークの 曲がるこれは、「快適さ」または「快適な快適さ」に関連しています。

研究者であるオーストラリアのメルボルン大学(University of Melbourne)教授であるBrock Bastianは、「私たちの生活に居心地の良いことを加えることができれば、デンマークであるほど幸せになるだろう」と述べました。 「しかし、世界で最も幸せな国の一つに住むことが問題になるのは何でしょうか。

もちろん、Bastianと彼の同僚は、ジャーナルで発表された彼らの研究で次のことを発見しました。 科学レポート人々が幸せでなければならないという圧力が大きいほど、個人が本当に幸せであると言う可能性は低くなります。

私は私の記事と研究でこのパラドックスを見つけました。 例えば、ハーバード経営大学院や起業家精神の本を書いている間、私は、一部の学生が起業家精神、ビジネスリーダーシップ、金融などを勉強しながら、幸せで満足のいく生活を送る方法を慎重に研究するのに驚きました。 。

しかし、幸せを強調するという事実だけでも、学生の間で誰が最も幸せで達成感が高いのか、そして誰が最後に(つまり、人生に失敗するのか)競争を促した。

これは基本的にBastianと彼の同僚も発見したものです。

「世界中で人々が幸せを経験し、悲しみを避けるべきだという圧迫感を感じると報告すると、精神的健康に赤字を経験する傾向があります。

つまり、生活に対する満足度が低く、否定的な感情が多く、肯定的な感情が少なく、生活の満足度が高い。 うつ病不安とストレス。」

研究者たちはまた、一歩進んで、幸福に高い価値を与えた国の中で、これらの低い満足度と幸福を結びつけました。

Bastianは、「デンマークのような国では、一部の人々が幸せであると感じる社会的圧力は、特に精神的健康が悪いと予測しています」と書いています。幸せな顔の海に囲まれていると、すでに社会的に感じる効果を悪化させることができます。幸せでなければならないと強調した。

今、私はこれに対する答えを持っていません。 しかし、他のいくつかの国と彼らが幸せを定義する方法を見て、そこに教訓があることを確認することをお勧めします。

数年前、イギリス生まれのデンマーク作家Helen Russellは、自分の本で29カ国の人々が幸福の概念をどのように認識しているかを分類し始めました。 幸せのアトラス

たとえば、Russellは、カナダの幸福の特性を選択する必要がある場合は、「joie de vivre」または「joy of life」になる可能性があると言います。

「地面にどれだけの雪が降ったのか、どのくらいの距離を走らなければならないのか、ジャズフェスティバルがどれほど混雑しているのかは関係ありません」と彼女は書いています. 「人生の喜びという特別なブランドは、私たちが何でも、誰にでも、どんな天候でも開かれています。

あるいは、Russellが国家的幸福の特徴を「wabi sabi」(「シンプルさ」と「年齢と摩耗の美しさ」)と言った日本を考えてみてください。

「彼らは不完全さと無言を受け入れ、祝うことによって幸福が達成されるという考えを伝えます」と彼女は書いています。

または750,000人の人口が住んでいるヒミラヤの小さな内陸国であるブータンも1972年に「国民総幸福」という概念を出し、その哲学が」Russellによると、「集団の幸福と幸福は、財政的利益よりも測定され優先されます」

国家全体が明示的に幸福を高めるために努力する最後の例は、Bastianと彼の共著者が書いた現象の代表的な例になると考えることができます。

確かに、最近、ブータンが2019年の世界幸せ指数の一部として調査されたとき、156カ国のうち94位を占めました。

しかし、逆説的に、それは結局良いニュースかもしれないと思います。

幸福に高い価値を置く場所に住んでいる場合、この研究によれば幸せの可能性が低くなる可能性があります。 しかし、周りの誰もが同じ感情を感じたら、最初は幸せでなければならないという圧迫感が少しでも和らげられませんか?

私たちは皆一緒です。 そしてそれは順番にあなたをとても幸せにすることができます。

Inc.comのコラムニストがここで表現した意見は、Inc.comの意見ではなく、自分の意見です。

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For example, let's take Denmark, a country that consistently ranks as among the happiest on the planet. That distinction sparked a worldwide trend a few years ago, as people in other countries tried to figure out how to embrace the Danish concept of hygge, which has to do with \"coziness,\" or \"comfortable conviviality.\" 

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\"If only we could add more coziness to our lives, perhaps we would be as happy as the Danish,\" wrote study author Brock Bastian, a professor at the University of Melbourne in Australia. \"But is living in one of the world's happiest nations all it's cracked up to be? What happens if you struggle to find or maintain happiness in a sea of (supposedly) happy people?\"

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Sure enough, Bastian and his colleagues found in their study, which was published in the journal, Scientific Reports, the more pressure there is for people to be happy, the less likely it will be that individual people will say that they actually are happy.

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I've come across this paradox in my writing and research. For example, while writing my book on Harvard Business School and entrepreneurship, I was struck by the degree to which some students carefully studied how to live a happy and fulfilling life, along with studying things like entrepreneurship, business leadership, and finance.

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But, the mere fact of putting so much emphasis on happiness prompted competition among students to see who would be the happiest and most fulfilled--and who would be at the very end of the line (in other words, failing at life).

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That's basically what Bastian and his colleagues found, too:

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\"Worldwide, when people report feeling pressure to experience happiness and avoid sadness, they tend to experience deficits in mental health.

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That is, they experience lower satisfaction with their lives, more negative emotion, less positive emotion and higher levels of depression, anxiety and stress.\"

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The researchers also went a step further, connecting these levels of lower satisfaction and happiness specifically within countries that placed a higher value on happiness.

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\"In countries such as Denmark,\" Bastian wrote, \"the social pressure some people felt to be happy was especially predictive of poor mental health,\" adding that \"being surrounded by a sea of happy faces may aggravate the effects of already feeling socially pressured to be happy.\"

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Now, I don't have the answer to this. But, it might be worth looking at a few other countries, and how they define happiness, to see whether there's any kind of lesson there.

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A few years back, a British-born, Danish-bred author named Helen Russell set out to categorize how people in 29 countries perceive the very concept of happiness, in her book, The Atlas of Happiness.

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For example, Russell says if you had to choose a Canadian characterization of happiness, it might be, \"joie de vivre,\" or \"joy of life.\"

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\"It doesn't matter how much snow is on the ground, how far they have to drive, or how packed their jazz festivals get,\" she writes. \"Their particular brand of joie de vivre says, we're open to anything, anyone, and any weather--we'll try it all, and we'll make it good.\" 

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Or else, consider Japan, where Russell says the national characterization of happiness is \"wabi sabi\" (\"simplicity\" and \"the beauty of age and wear\"). 

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\"They convey the idea that happiness is achieved by accepting--and celebrating--imperfection and transience,\" she writes

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Or even Bhutan, a small, landlocked country of 750,000 people in the Himilayas, whose king came up with the concept of \"Gross National Happiness\" in 1972, and where the philosophy \"guides the government and people,\" according to Russell, to the point that, \"collective happiness and well-being is measured and prioritized ahead of financial gain.\"

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One might think that the last example, where an entire country explicitly makes an effort to increase happiness, would be a prime example of the phenomenon Bastian and his coauthors wrote about.

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Sure enough, the most recent time Bhutan was polled as part of the World Happiness Index in 2019, it came in 94th out of 156 countries.  

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But I think perhaps that's the good news at the end, paradoxically.

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If you live in a place that places a high value on happiness, you might be less likely yourself to be happy according to this research. But then, if everyone around you winds up feeling the same way, wouldn't that alleviate some of the pressure to be happy to begin with?

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We're all in it together. And that, in turn, might make you very happy.

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READ  TTU農業科学学者は世界で最も引用されている研究者の1人です。 KLBK | KAMC

Omori Yoshiaki

ミュージックホリック。フードエバンジェリスト。学生。認定エクスプローラー。受賞歴のあるウェブエキスパート。」

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